SACRIFICE IN MINA
After stoning al-‘Uqbah Pillar, the pilgrim goes for the fifth of the obligatory rituals of hajj and that is the sacrifice. It is obligatory precaution not to do the sacrifice before the stoning.
RULES OF SACRIFICE
1. It is necessary for the pilgrim to do the sacrifice with the sincere intention by saying, for example, “I am making this sacrifice in fulfillment of hajj at-tamattu‘ for seeking pleasure of Almighty Allah.” Just the intention in one’s mind is sufficient; it is not necessary to say it verbally.
2. It is obligatory to make the sacrifice in Mina.
However, since these days it is not possible for all the pilgrims to do the sacrifice in Mina, then doing it in Wadi Muhassar is permissible. If it is not even possible to do it in Wadi Muhassar, then it can be done in any part of the holy territory of Mecca, including the slaughter-house of Wadi Mu‘aysam.
Be aware that some of the slaughter-houses are outside the limit of the holy territory of Mecca and doing the sacrifice in those places would not be sufficient.
In any case, if doing the sacrifice in Wadi Muhassar is not possible, then it is preferable and more precautionary to do it in Mecca itself.
3. It is a better precaution to do the sacrifice on the day of ‘Idd even though it is permissible to delay it till the daytime of 11th of Dhul Hijja rather till end of last day of tashriq.
4. The sacrificial animal must be a camel or a cow or a sheep with certain characteristics which are explained in the detailed manual of hajj. One should know that the characteristics mentioned for the sacrificial animal do not apply to the animal sacrificed as a penalty for violation of rules of hajj.
5. The pilgrim is allowed to appoint someone else as an agent to do the sacrifice on his behalf even if he is capable of doing it by himself. This applies to both kinds of sacrifice: for hajj as well as for penalty for violation of hajj rules. It is necessary that the agent be a Muslim and he should also do the niyyat.
6. If a group of pilgrims appoint one person to buy the sacrificial animals for them and to sacrifice on their behalf, then he has to keep in mind each individual’s name and assign it to a particular sacrifice – saying that “this group of animals is sacrificed on behalf of this group of pilgrims” will not be sufficient.
7. The pilgrim is allowed to keep one-third of the sacrificial meat for himself and give away another one-third to the Muslims of his choice even though it is not obligatory to do that in case of these two-thirds. As for the third of the thirds, it is obligatory precaution to give it away in charity to the poor Muslims. However, if giving it away in charity is not possible or very inconvenient, then he is released from that obligation.
8. It is permissible to take the meat of the sacrificial animals out of Mina since there are no poor and needy people in Mina. It is also known that there are many needy people in various areas of the Kingdom and beyond it. Therefore, the organizers of the hajj caravans should diligently find those who transport the meat and distribute it to among the needy – especially among those who bring caravans from within the Kingdom since they are aware of the needs of their areas and are better equipped to distribute them.
COMMON MISTAKES IN MAKING THE SACRIFICE
1. Some pilgrims appoint others as their agents to do the sacrifice on their behalf, and then they themselves proceed to do the other rituals while the agents go for doing the sacrifices. However, there is a problem since there is no coordination between the pilgrim and his agent: the pilgrim ends up doing the taqsir or halq and then takes off the ihram assuming that his agent has done the sacrifice, and later on finds out that the agent has not yet done the sacrifice. He should immediately remove the sewn clothes and refrain from the things forbidden in the state of ihram until the agent has done the sacrifice. After the sacrifice has been done in this case, then he can relieve himself from the restrictions of the ihram, and there is no need for him to repeat the taqsir.
2. It is important that the pilgrim should appoint someone as his agent who is experienced in this matter since the conditions required in the sacrificial animals cannot be ascertained except by those who are experts who know its requirements like the age of the animal, etc. So if the sacrifice is done and the pilgrim proceeds to the following rituals and later on finds out that the sacrificial animal was underage––if he finds out before the 13th of Dhul Hijja, then he must redo the sacrifice and then there is no penalty on him. One should know that those who do the slaughtering are many and they do not neglect in helping those who need their help.