Umrah Mufradah - RITUALS OF UMRAH MUFRADAH
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RITUALS OF UMRAH MUFRADAH

The rituals of ‘umrah mufradah are seven:

1. Ihram and its three obligatory issues:

(a) The sincere intention for seeking the nearness of Allah by saying, for example, “I am putting on the ihram for ‘umrah mufradah to seek the nearness of Almighty Allah.”

(b) For men: to put on the two pieces of ihram as mentioned in the section on ‘umrah at-tamattu‘.

(c) Saying the talbiyyah at the time of niyyat. It will be sufficient to say: “Lab-bay-ka Allahumma lab-bay-ka; lab-bay-ka la sharika laka lab-bay-ka; innal hamda wan ni‘mata laka wal mulk; la sharika laka lab-bay-ka.” To know the recommended deeds in ihram, see the earlier section on ‘umrah at-tamattu‘.

The ‘umrah-pilgrim has to put on the ihram at one of the famous miqats or by nadhr as mentioned earlier. However, this requirement does not apply in two cases: i. a person who is already in Mecca and intends to do ‘umrah mufradah or ii. someone who leaves Mecca and goes to a distance less than that of the miqat (e.g., to ‘Arafat or Jeddah) and intends to return back to Mecca for ‘umrah mafradah. In these two cases, the pilgrim will put on the ihram from the closest boundary of the holy territory like at-Tan‘im or al-Hudaybiyya. This also applies to a person who resides within the miqat perimeter (like Jeddah): he shall put on the ihram for ‘umrah mufradah from his own house.

2. Tawaf: going seven rounds around the Ka‘bah, starting from the Black Stone and ending with it with the sincere intention which can be said, for example, as following: “I am doing tawaf of this House seven rounds to seek nearness of Almighty Allah.” It is recommended for him recite the prescribed du‘as for each round, etc.

3. Salat of Tawaf behind the Maqam Ibrahim (a.s.) in two rak‘at like the Dawn Prayer with the sincere intention which may be said as following: “I am doing two rak‘at for the salat of tawaf of ‘umrah mufradah to seek nearness of Almighty Allah.”

4. Sa‘i between Safa and Marwah seven times beginning at Safa and ending at Marwah with the sincere intention which may be said as following: “I am doing sa‘i between Safa and Marwah seven times to seek the nearness of Almighty Allah.”

5. Halq (shaving the head) or taqsir (getting rid of some hair from the head or beard or moustache) with the sincere intention which may be done as following: “I am doing halq (or taqsir) for ‘umrah mufradah to seek nearness of Almighty Allah.”

The female pilgrims are only required to do taqsir in order to free themselves from the ihram; they are not allowed to do halq.

6. Tawafun Nisa’: This is the tawaf done seven times around the Ka‘bah with the sincere intention as following: “I am doing tawaf around the Ka‘bah seven rounds for tawafun nisa’ of ‘umrah mufradah to seek nearness of Almighty Allah.”

7. Salat of Tawafun Nisa’: This is done behind the Maqam Ibrahim (a.s.) in form of two rak‘ats like the Dawn Prayer with sincere intention by saying, for example, the following: “I am doing two rak‘at of salat of tawafun nisa’ of ‘umrah mufradah to seek nearness of Almighty Allah.”
Once the pilgrim has done all of these rituals, then he or she has completed the rituals of the recommended ‘umrah mufradah.