Stages of Hajj
|Types of Pilgrimage|
Types of Pilgrimage
The pilgrimage (hajj) is of three types:
The latter two pilgrimages are mandatory upon the people of Mecca and those whose houses are within the 88 kilometers perimeter of the boundary of Mecca.
However, the hajj at-tamattu‘ is mandatory upon those live beyond the 88 kilometers of the boundary of Mecca, and they also have to do the ‘umrah at-tamattu‘ before doing the hajj.
It is this hajj at-tamattu‘ which is relevant to the majority of the Muslims and, therefore, my discussion is confined to it.
Hajj at-tamattu‘ is composed of two rituals: the first one is known as al-‘umrah or ‘umrah at-tamattu‘ and the second one is known as al-hajj or hajj at-tamattu‘.
In hajj at-tamattu‘, it is necessary to do the ‘umrah before the hajj. This is what applies to the majority of pilgrims