Overview of Hajj

Umrah has 5 stages:

  1. Wearing Ihram
  2. Tawaf (Circumbulation)
  3. Prayer of Tawaf
  4. Sa'i
  5. Taqsir

The Hajj has 14 stages:

  1. Wearing Ihram
  2. Staying at Arafat
  3. Staying at Muzdalifah
  4. Going to Mina
  5. Stoning the Aqabah Pillar
  6. Sacrificing an animal
  7. Halq or Taqsir
  8. Staying at Mina
  9. Tawaf of Hajj
  10. Prayer of Tawaf of Hajj
  11. Sa'i
  12. Tawafun Nisa
  13. Prayer of Tawafun Nisa
  14. Stoning the three pillars on 11th and 12th of the month.





Common Mistakes in Stoning

  1. Some pilgrims stone the pillar with pieces of wood and shoes or sandals. It does not behoove a guest of the Merciful Lord to do such things.

  2. Some pilgrims pick big and rough pebbles for stoning while it is recommended that the pebbles should be small and soft.


Common Mistakes in doing Halq or Taqsir

  1. Sometimes a pilgrim goes ahead and does the halq or taqsir for another pilgrim before doing his own halq or taqsir. This is not correct since the pilgrim is not allowed to shave or cut hair of anyone. Even though there is no penalty on him but the person whose halq or taqsir was done has to redo it.
  2. Sometimes a pilgrim does the halq or taqsir outside the boundaries of Mina out of ignorance or forgetfulness and does not realize his mistake unless returning back to his hometown. In this case, if it is possible for him to send his hair to be placed in Mina, then he should do that; if that is not possible, then there is nothing on him.




Common Mistakes in Making the Sacrifice

  1. Some pilgrims appoint others as their agents to do the sacrifice on their behalf, and then they themselves proceed to do the other rituals while the agents go for doing the sacrifices. However, there is a problem since there is no coordination between the pilgrim and his agent: the pilgrim ends up doing the taqsir or halq and then takes off the ihram assuming that his agent has done the sacrifice, and later on finds out that the agent has not yet done the sacrifice. He should immediately remove the sewn clothes and refrain from the things forbidden in the state of ihram until the agent has done the sacrifice. After the sacrifice has been done in this case, then he can relieve himself from the restrictions of the ihram, and there is no need for him to repeat the taqsir.


Common Mistakes in Tawafun Nisa and its Salat

  1. Sometime jama‘at prayers is held in the Sacred Mosque while the pilgrim is doing his tawafun nisa’, and that forces him to interrupt his tawaf and then he joins in the jama‘at. After the prayers, he starts the tawaf from the very beginning thinking that the prayer between the rounds of tawaf invalidated his tawaf. This is an incorrect notion because the gap in between the rounds of tawaf for sake of joining the jama‘at does not harm the validity of the tawaf. In such a case, he should continue his tawaf from wherever he had stopped for the jama‘at and there is no need for starting it from the beginning.
    In the same case as above, if the pilgrim did not participate in the jama‘at prayer for whatever reason and stood on the side for ten minutes or more waiting for the jama‘at to end to continue his tawafun nisa’ – in this case the gap of ten minutes just standing at the side cancels the continuity which is an essential condition for validity of the tawaf. In this case, he has to start his tawafun nisa’ from the very beginning.

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